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سحابة الكلمات الدلالية


    شرح قصه مترجمة Chapter 3 The flight to Cuzco

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    شرح قصه مترجمة Chapter 3 The flight to Cuzco

    مُساهمة من طرف رئيس منبال في الإثنين سبتمبر 27, 2010 2:46 pm





     summary
    Leila and Dr. Hafez took a plane from Lima to Cuzco. Leila looked down and saw the coastal plain السهل الساحلي . It looked dry and reminded her of the desert in Egypt. Then they flew over green mountains. There was a big party مجموعةof a German tourists on board they came to visit Machu Picchu علي متن السفينة, so Dr. Hafez spoke in a quiet voice.
    When Dr. Hafez read the papers that Leila brought to him, he was satisfiedراضي because the papers showed that they were on the right lines.
    Dr. Hafez told Leila that he found a royal tomb مقبرة ملكية in Machu Picchu. There was saw marks on it and a picture of a llama. حيوان الالما( حيوا ن من جنوب امريكا ذو شعر كثيف يشبه الجمل لكن بدون سنام) The llama was a sign that it was a royal tomb.
    There were some similarities and difference between The Inca civilization and the ancient Egyptians.
    هناك بعض التشابهات والاختلافات بين حضارة الانكا و قدماء المصريين The similarities are: التشابهات هي
    1- Both of them put gold and silver objects اشياء and gold figuresتماثيل , food and drink besides بجوارthe bodies جثث of their kings.
    2- Both of them mummified حنطواtheir kings
    3- Both of them dressed the dead kings لبسوهم beautiful clothes.
    4- Both of them put gold masks on the faces of the dead kings.
    The differences are: الاختلافات هي
    1- The Incas put their mummified kings on litters نقالات / حمالات after
    they dressed them in fine clothesملابس جميلة. Then they took them
    through streets in big festivalيجوبوا بهم الشوارع في احتفال كبير.
    2- The Inca killed the women and the servants to take care ofيعتنوا بـ the dead kings in the next world.العالم الآخر


    Dr. Hafez told Leila that he was sure that he met Martin Lander before and that Lander was not his real nameليس اسمه الحقيقي. He used to work for the United Mining but then he didn't. He left it when he involved in تورط في taking Incas objects اشياء out of the country.خارج البلد Also, the United Mining ended its work in Peru.
    Leila told Dr. Hafez that she told Martin Lander a little about their work in Peru. Dr. Hafez told her to be more careful and not tell such people any thing about their work. He told her that Martin and the people who was involved with them were not archaeologists. They didn't care لم يهتموا about the value of things of the past. They broke into tombs, found gold and silver things and took them out of the country. These things should be kept in museums المتاحف تحفظ في for every one to see. But thieves sold them to rich collectors.
    الاغنياء هواة جمع الاشياء الثمينة
    Dr. Hafez told Leila that he organized نظم the work in Peru. There were two teams فريقين under his direction.تحت اشرافه He thought that having two small teams was better than a big one. He told Leila that she would be in charge of ( responsible for) مسئولة عن one of the two teams which would consisted of three localمحليين archaeologists. Leila was very surprised when he told her that. Dr. Hafez told her that he chose her because he wanted some one to trust يثق به and understand him.

    When the plane landed, Leila was very nervous and her hands were shaking ترتعش . Amalia Guzman was waiting for them in the airport. She was one of the local archaeologists working the excavation and of nearly the same age of Leila تقريبا فى نفس عمر ليلي. They shook hands but Amalia looked at Leila without a smile.بدون ابتسامة She offered to carry the luggage to Dr. Hafez but he refused. She didn't offer help to Leila although she was carrying more luggageشنط . They all get into the Land Rover driven by Amalia along the dusty مترب road from Cuzco to Quenco where the excavation was going on. When Leila sat in the back of the car, she was asking herself if she would be able to do the job Dr. Hafez wanted to do.

    Questions with model answers:
    1-Why did Dr. Hafez become satisfied راضي when he
    read the papers which Leila had brought?
    ☻ He realized that they were working along the right lines.
    2-Why did Dr. Hafez speak to Leila in a quiet voice when they
    were on the plane to Cuzco?
    ☻ Because he didn't want the people to hear them.
    3-What was Machu Picchu?
    ☻It was a great Inca city that was lost for hundred of years.
    4-Why did Dr. Hafez think that the tomb they had discovered
    was a royal tomb? مقبرة ملكية
    ☻Because they found a picture of a llama, صورةالالماwhich was the
    sign of the royal tomb. علامة المقبرة الملكية
    5-What were the similarities التشابهات and differences الاختلافات
    between the Incas and the ancient Egyptians?
    The similarities are: التشابهات هي
    1- Both of them put gold and silver objects اشياء and gold
    figures , food and drink تماثيل , besides بجوارthe bodies جثث of their kings.
    2- Both of them mummified حنطواtheir kings
    3- Both of them dressed the dead kings لبسوهم beautiful clothes.
    4- Both of them put gold masks on the faces of the dead kings.
    The differences are: الاختلافات هي
    1- The Incas put their mummified kings on litters نقالات / حمالات after
    they dressed them in fine clothesملابس جميلة. Then they took them
    through streets in big festivalيجوبوا بهم الشوارع في احتفال كبير.
    2- The Inca killed the women and the servants to take care ofيعتنوا بـ the dead kings in the next world.العالم الآخر
    6-Why did the Incas kill women and servants and buried them
    with the kings?
    ☻ The Inca killed the women and the servants to take care ofيعتنوا بـ the dead kings in the next world.العالم الآخر
    7- Why did Dr. Hafez suspect Martin Lander?
    1- Lander was not his real nameليس اسمه الحقيقي.
    2- Lander left the United Mining when he involved in تورط في taking
    Incas objects اشياء out of the country.خارج البلد Also,
    3- The United Mining ended its work in Peru.
    8-What made ما الذي جعل Dr. Hafez to be careful about what she
    said?
    ☻Because there were people who wanted to dig up old Incas
    cities.
    9-Why did Dr. Hafez ask Leila to come to Peru?
    ☻Because he wanted some one to trust and understand him and
    to be in charge of one of the two teams.
    10-Why did Dr. Hafez choose Leila to be in charge of one of
    the two teams?
    ☻ Because he wanted some one to trust and understand him.
    11-Who was waiting Leila and Dr. Hafez in the airport?
    ☻Amalia Guzman.
    12-What was Amalia Guzman?
    ☻ She was one of the local archaeologists working the excavation
    and of nearly the same age of Leila تقريبا فى نفس عمر ليلي.
    13-How did Amalia treat عاملت Leila at their first meeting in the
    airport?
    ☻ She shook hands but Amalia looked at Leila without a smile.
    بدون ابتسامة She offered to carry the luggageشنط to Dr. Hafez but
    he refused رفض. She didn't offer help to Leila although she was
    carrying more luggage .
    14-Why did Martin Lander have to leave اضطر ان يغادر his work in
    the United Mining?
    ☻ Because he involved in تورط في taking Incas objects اشياء out of
    the country.خارج البلد Also, the United Mining ended its work in
    Peru.
    15-How was Dr. Hafez and Leila's experience خبرة in the valley
    of kings useful نافعة ?
    ☻ Because they could discover the similarities and differences
    between the Incas and the ancient Egyptians.

    Completion with model answers:
    1- Dr. Hafez organized the excavation work into two teams as he
    found it was better to have small teams than a big one.
    2- Dr. Hafez asked Leila to be in charge of one team with three
    local archaeologists.
    3- Amalia greeted Leila in an unfriendly way by shaking her hand
    without smiling.
    4- The excavation site was at Machu Picchu.
    5- Amalia Guzman was one of the local archaeologists working in
    the excavation at Machu Picchu.
    6- Unlike the ancient Egyptians, the Incas killed the women and
    the children and buried them with the kings to take care of
    them.
    7- Martin Lander used to work for the United Mining but he got
    involved with some people who were taking the Inca objects
    out of the country.
    8- Martin Lander said he worked for the United Mining.
    9- The Incas killed the women and the children and buried them
    with the kings so that they could take care take care of them
    in the next world.
    10- Every year at important festivals, the mummified kings were
    put on litters, dressed in fine clothes and taken through
    the streets.
    11- The ancient Egyptians and the Incas put food and drink beside
    their mummified kings.
    12- Machu Picchu was a great Inca city that was lost for
    hundred of years.
    13- The coastal plain in Peru reminded Leila of the desert in
    Egypt.
    14- Amalia didn't offer help to Leila although Leila was carrying
    more luggage.
    15- Although Peru was near the equator خط الاستواء there was snow
    on the mountain tops.
    16- The picture of a llama was a sign that the tomb was a royal
    one.
    17- Dr. Hafez became satisfied راضي when he read the papers which
    Leila had brought because he realized that they were
    working along the right lines.
    19- Dr. Hafez told Leila to be careful about what she said because
    there were people who wanted to dig up old Incas cities.
    20- Dr. Hafez suspect Martin Lander because Lander was not his
    real name and the United Mining ended its work in Peru.
    21- Dr. Hafez told Leila to come to Peru because he trusted her
    and she understood him.

    Quotations with model answers:

    1-




    a) Who said this to whom?
    b) Who he was talking about?
    c) Why did people take Inca objects out of the country?
    Answers:
    a) Dr. Hafez to Leila
    b) Martin Lander.
    c) To sell them to rich collectors.

    2-

    a) Who said this to whom?
    b) What was that thing?
    c) What was the other thing that the Incas did and was never done
    by the ancient Egyptians?
    Answers:
    a) Dr. Hafez to Leila
    b) The Incas killed the women and the children and buried them
    with the kings to take care of them in the next world.
    c) The Incas put their mummified kings on litters نقالات / حمالات
    after they dressed them in fine clothes then they took them
    through streets in big festival.


    3-


    a) Who said this to whom?
    b) What was the speaker chosen to be?
    c) Why was the speaker chosen to do such a task?

    Answers:
    a) Leila to Dr. Hafez.
    b) She was chosen to be in charge of a team of three local
    archaeologists.
    c) Because Dr. Hafez trusted her and she understood him.


    4-


    a) Who said this to whom?
    b) What did the speaker warn حذر the addressed person of?
    c) Why did the speaker ask the addressed person to be careful?
    Answers:
    a) Dr. Hafez to Leila.
    b) He warned her of telling any stranger about he excavation
    site.
    c) Because there were people who wanted to dig up old Incas
    cities and take treasures out of the country.

    5-


    a) Who said this to whom?
    b) What was Leila responsibility in this work ?
    c) How did she feel towards it?
    Answers:
    a) Dr. Hafez to Leila.
    b) She would be in charge of a team of three local
    archaeologists.
    c) She was surprised and not sure if she would do this work.

    6-

    a) Who said this to whom?
    b) Why was the speaker keen متحمس لـ that the addressed person
    came to Peru?
    c) What job did the addressed person do in Peru?
    Answers:
    a) Dr. Hafez to Leila.
    b) Because he needed someone whom he trusted and someone understood him.
    c) She would be in charge of a team of three local
    archaeologists.

    7-


    a) Who said this to whom?
    b) Why did the speaker say that?
    c) What did the speaker mean?
    Answers:
    a) Dr. Hafez to Leila.
    b) He wanted to warn Leila and to be more careful with that
    kind of people who may be robbers.
    c) He meant that there were some robbers who wanted to steal
    the treasures of Inca and take them out of the country.

    8-


    a) Who said this to whom?
    b) What were the stolen things?
    c) What was the answer of this question?
    Answers:
    a) Leila to Dr. Hafez
    b) Gold and silver things found in the ancient Inca tombs.
    c) Some do and others don't.
    9-


    a) Who said this him to whom?
    b) Who he was talking about?
    c) What did the speaker say about that man?
    Answers:
    a) Dr. Hafez to Leila.
    b) He was taliking about Martin Lander.
    c) Martin Lander had to leave اضطر ان يغادر his work in
    the United Mining because he involved in تورط في taking Incas
    objects اشياء out of the country.خارج البلد
    10-



    a) Who said this him to whom?
    b) Why did Incas do that?
    c) Did the ancient Egyptians use to do that?
    Answers:
    a) Dr. Hafez to Leila.
    b) To take care of the dead king in the next world.
    c) No, they didn't.

    11-

    a) Who said this to whom?
    b) What did the Incas do to their mummified kings?
    c) What horrible thing الشيء المرعبdid the Incas do concerning
    burying their kings?
    Answers:
    a) Leila to Dr. Hafez.
    b) The Incas put their mummified kings on litters after they
    dressed them in fine clothes.Then they took them through
    streets in big festival
    c) The Incas killed the women and the servants and buried
    them with the king to take care of the dead king in the next
    world.

    12-


    a) Who said this to whom?
    b) Where were they?
    c) Why were these two Egyptians in Peru?
    Answers:
    a) Dr. Hafez to Leila.
    b) On the plane on their way to Cuzco.
    c) They were digging up ancient Incas tombs in a UNESCO
    exchange programme.

    13-


    a) Who said this to whom?
    b) What was the speaker talking about?
    c) What did the speaker mean?
    Answers:
    a) Dr. Hafez to Leila.
    b) He was talking about a tomb that was found near Quenco two
    days befor.
    c) He meant it was a royal tomb.

    14-


    a) Who said this to whom?
    b) What did Dr. Hafez believe the wall was?
    c) What did the marks and the picture of a llama show?
    Answers:
    a) Dr. Hafez to Leila.
    b) He believed that the wall was of a royal tomb.
    c) They showed it was a royal tomb.

    15-



    a) Who said this to whom?
    b) What did "it " refere to?
    c) What did the paper show?
    Answers:
    a) Dr. Hafez to Leila.
    b) It refered to the excavation work they do in Cuzco .
    c) The papers showed that they were along the right lines.

    16-



    a) Who said this to whom?
    b) How was this experience useful?
    c) On what occasion was this statement said?
    Answers:
    a) Dr. Hafez to Leila.
    b) This experience enabled them to know the smililarities and
    differences between the ancient Egyptians and the Incas in
    the way they buried their kings.
    c) It was said when Dr. Hafez and Leila were on the olane to
    Cuzco. He told her that they found a wall which might be of a
    royal tomb.
    17-




    a) Who said this to whom?
    b) What other things did they put besides the dead? Why?
    c) What did the Incas put on the faces of their kings?
    Answers:
    a) Dr. Hafez to Leila.
    b) They put food and drink beside the dead king because they
    thought the king would need them in the next world.
    c) Gold masks.
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    رد: شرح قصه مترجمة Chapter 3 The flight to Cuzco

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    رد: شرح قصه مترجمة Chapter 3 The flight to Cuzco

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